I posted the following answer on Quora quite a while ago. It was my first post on Quora (one of my only posts there so far), just to see how it works, but the response turned out to be popular, so I figured — what better first real post than a test-proven success?
Here’s that post:
- An amateur’s chess game is most improved by avoiding cheap tactics. Amateurs often spend too much time on ‘strategy,’ trying to look at the positional pros and cons of hypothetical situations 10 moves ahead, only to be forked by a pawn on the next move.
- Amateurs make the mistake of spending too much time studying openings. It is possible to become a 2200 player on almost no opening knowledge, by improving your tactics.
- A common mistake, not just for amateurs, is to avoid thinking about certain moves as if thinking about them meant playing them. For example, a person will often avoid considering a Rook sacrifice for a pawn, because their brain immediately assigns a negative feeling to such a move (fear of losing material). Awareness of that will give yourself permission to contemplate the said brilliant Rook sacrifice.
- Having said all this, when no tactics are in sight, some general guidelines are available to guide your play. They are to
- control the center (not by occupying those squares, but by having pieces attack them. For example, a knight on f3 controls the center squares d4 and e5, while a knight jumping to e5 releases control of those squares).
- avoid having any hanging/unprotected pieces or fortify those said pieces.
- avoid letting your opponent occupy any advanced posts for too long.
- double check your move for any tactical errors before it is played.
Looking back at this post, I would modify the word “tactics” in point #2 with “chess vision,” because tactics, in the sense that it is usually defined, is only one (albeit important) piece of the puzzle that must be developed when improving chess vision. I want to go into this in more detail in future posts, because that difference is pivotal in understanding how to study chess. Also, the list here is rather simplistic and misses many other important parts of the thought process, but I’ll be sure to get into that in future posts!